Tripoli is the largest city in northern Lebanon and the second-largest city in the country. It holds a string of four small islands offshore, and they are the only islands in Lebanon. The history of Tripoli dates back at least to the 14th century BCE.
The city is well known for containing the largest Crusader fortress in Lebanon, the Citadel of Raymond de Saint-Gilles, and it has the second highest concentration of Mamluk architecture after Cairo. In the Arab World, Tripoli is sometimes known as Ṭarābulus al-Sham or Levantine Tripoli to distinguish it from its Libyan counterpart, known as Tripoli-of-the-West.
Continuously inhabited since Neolithic times, Byblos bears outstanding witness to the beginnings of the Phoenician civilization.The ruins of many successive civilizations are found at Byblos, one of the oldest Phoenician cities. Inhabited since Neolithic times, it has been closely linked to the legends and history of the Mediterranean region for thousands of years. Byblos is also directly associated with the history and diffusion of the Phoenician alphabet.