Byblosis a must-see for every visitor to lebanon. This ancient city with a history that goes back over 7000 years, today it reveals an archaeological site showing one impressive ruin after another thus tracing so many different civilizations that have occupied Byblos over thousands of centuries.
It also gave its name to the Greek word for a book ” biblos ” on account of its papyrus fields (papyrus was used for making writing paper in ancient times). It is also the birthplace of the alphabet with the oldest known inscriptions of the Phoenician linear alphabet.
Facing the sea, the site includes a number of Phoenician and Canaanite temples, ancient city walls, the foundations of several stone-age houses and a number of Roman remains. Probably the most imposing ruin is the Crusader castle, built in the thirteenth century, which is bordered by a row of colonnades at the foot of which are some Phoenician sarcophagus (decorated stone coffins as used in ancient times for a dead body).
Byblos is also known for its picturesque medieval port, where you can see quaint fishing boats gently rocking on the waves. Within the citadel area of Byblos in Jebil is a parade of attractively renovated old buildings, many of which are now used as shops selling anything from picture postcards and books to pottery and locally designed jewellery.
It is famous for its fish restaurants, which serve up fresh red snapper and sea bass to an international clientele, and party yachts Cruise into its spectacular harbor at sundown. The city’s revived night life is adding a new dimension to the already powerful lure of its 7,000-year-old history and ruins.
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